APA Style is widely used by students, researchers, and professionals in the social and behavioral sciences. This citation guide outlines the most important citation guidelines from the 7th edition APA Publication Manual In-text citations are brief references in the running text that direct readers to the reference entry at the end of the paper. For example: Smith, , p. The in-text citation can take two forms: parenthetical and narrative. The in-text citation changes slightly when a source has multiple authors or an organization as an author.
How to Cite a Research Paper in Each Research Paper Format
How to Cite a Research Paper: APA, MLA, and Chicago Formats | EssayPro
Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: Field, For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: Field, , p. For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers , use a paragraph number, for example: Field, , para. More information on direct quotation of sources without pagination is given on the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines web page. A few researchers in the linguistics field have developed training programs designed to improve native speakers' ability to understand accented speech Derwing et al.
How to Write an Essay in APA Format
If you want to re-use portions of a paper you wrote for a previous assignment or course, you need to take care to avoid self-plagiarism. The APA Manual 6th edition, p. To avoid self-plagiarism, you should request approval from your instructor to use portions of your prior work, and you also need to provide a proper citation within your paper.
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